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First registered Peruvian Hairles dog
in Peru was named
Chinese Anubis
medium size, male
born July 15th 1982
Dogs own Agustin Canepa.

Tekst lend kennel Club Peruanos page

Kennel Club Peruano

Translated: Mrs. Peggy Davis.

When the Spaniards arrived at the Tahuantinsuyo they encountered a different civilization. It was socially and politically organized by the vision and concept of the Andean man, without the influence of the advanced societies that were developing on the old continent.

They discovered a rich variety of fauna and flora. "Strange" species, never been before by the European eye rapidly captivated their interest and curiosity.

Many of these species were taken to Spain as souvenirs of the New World and among them some strange dogs without hair.

An original and unpublished manuscript, kept in Madrid, contains the observations of Francisco de Hernandez where he reports that "... in New Galicia there is a breed of dogs without hair, of smooth coloured skin, similar to the lebrels, although they are taller and have a different way of barking than the others, and of which prince Charles, our lord, has one".

In more recent times, the Peruvian writer Guillermo Gallardo narrated "... when Philip the Beautiful of Spain arrived, they presented him with some souvenirs brought from the occidental lands recently discovered. On Wednesday 22 June of 1502 the son-in-law of the Catholic Kings stayed in his lodgings, but they showed him two very new things. One was a totally black dog with no hair at all that stretched out his snout like a black woman. The other a green parrot hardly bigger than a small monkey, talking of what is credible".

These statements collected and narrated by the first chroniclers who arrived with the expeditionary hosts of Francisco Pizarro, are the first news we have about the existence of the Peruvian Hairless Dog. Nonetheless, its origin is a story not yet told that takes us back more than two thousand years, into the distance of time.

During the formative period of the Andean societies, the regional development predominated along the Peruvian coast and the mountain areas. Once the influence of agriculture started, theocratic feudal states emerged and extended in time until after the beginning of the Christian era. The union between man and dog initiated thousands of years ago, also acquired importance for the former inhabitant of the Andes. Probably one of the oldest demonstrations of this is the discovery in the cove of Puémape of San Pedro de Lloc, of dog’s burials sharing the cemetery with the inhabitants of the time. These belong to the Salinar Culture, whose remains show an antiquity of approximately 300 years BC.

During this period, the Chavín Culture (1200-400 BC) flourished. Most archeologist considered it the oldest Andean society and its center was located in Huantar, La Libertad. Archeologist Marco Curatola finds certain relationship between Chavín's icnographic representation of the Tello Obelisk and the Achkay legend. He tells us that once upon a time when famine was all over the territory, two children, a brother and sister, arrived to Chavín de Huantar, where Achkay and his daughter Oronkay feigned to be kind with them. However, during the night they killed the boy and fortunately the girl, who was alerted by a frog, escaped with her brother's rests. Then she arrived to the Kullkush's territory and the boy was turned into «kashmi» (white dog) and became her companion in the flight to the high plateau. Finally, they reached the sky. One version says that he became «Ongoy» there (the Pleyades constellation), and the other that he became «Achachi Ururi» (Morning Star). On the other hand, the girl became «Apachi Ururi» (Night Star). And since that time, these stars are the travelers, shepherds and farmer's guide.

The dog's significance also had an effect in the artistic expression of the Nazca Culture (100-700 AD). During the second phase the ceramics was characterized for being particularly naturalistic, very simple and refined, reddish with plants, fruits and animals designs. Sculptural representations of polychrome fruits and animals were also common, where the hairless dog is represented with an admirable realism. Besides, we must point out that dogs appear in the repertoire of the petroglyphs of Pampa de Ingenio.This fact is related to the existence of the Pampas de Nazca, famous for the lines that form different zoomorphic figures, particularly, the petroglyph that has been interpreted as a dog. It is not strange since this animal was always considered as servant of the mountain deities. Not far from Nazca town, people still believe that dogs go with death spirits to the mountain Coropuna.

The Vicus Culture (500 BC-400 AD), who owe their name to the hill situated on the grounds of the former Pabur Farm, about 50 kms east of Piura, did not stay behind in this sense and through their ceramics showed us the same characteristics that the dog conserves to our days. Its ceramics expresses an exceptional skill in sculptural or plastic art because the modeled figures and other sectors of the receptacle were painted with red designs and/or with the technique called negative decoration. Anthropomorphic, phytomorphic and zoomorphic sculptures are frequent. The image of ceramics with a globular handle, where the top part is crowned by the head of a hairless dog is shown for a better understanding.
More than 1000 years before the Tahuantinsuyu, a people today called Mochica (100 BC-700 AD) reached its maximum development in the coastal plain of Perú. In spite they did not know anything about writing, the Mochicas transmitted the representation of their activities and environment through their art, expression means that amazingly looks like real. Pottery is the most common and best known artistic expression of the Mochica. More than 90% of the survived rests are ceramics and almost all the scenes represented in any other technique also appear under the form of fired clay receptacle.

The Moches were famous for portraying in their huacos the different aspects of their society, the personality of their master, their traditions and rites, human expressions of their different states of mind, birds and others animals. Here we point out the hairless dog with whom he coexisted and kept as a faithful companion, and who deserved a place within the family.

Dogs, in general, appear in almost all the representations of Mochica's activities in the Moche iconography, and it usually appears next to the priest or warrior or the main character. This fact, which until that time was only observed in scenes painted in ceramic, was confirmed in 1987, when archeologist Walter Alva discovered in the center of a clay platform known as "Huaca Rajada", the tomb of a Moche governor, warrior and priest who was called "Señor de Sipán". The first finding was a guardian with his feet amputated, symbolizing his obligation to stay forever in this place. Then in a funeral box was the Señor de Sipán who was surrounded by eight servant's skeletons, two concubines and one dog.

Great part of the unearthed ceramics that represented the hairless dog were found in the developing centers of the Sicán Culture (900-1100 AD), called with this name by the Archeological Project of Sicán.

Observing them, we can point out the knowledge that they had of the canine species showing it in its different attitudes and stages of development. This way we can observe them while mating, in alert attitude or feeding. They were represented as wind instruments like cornets and whistles, to mention the most frequent. Some ceramics show him carrying collars which can be interpreted as a way of identification, allowing perhaps -without intending to do so- a sort of selection, which combined to the genetic strength enabled it to bridge centuries of oblivion to these days.

The decline of the Moche Culture gave way to the Chimu Culture (1100-1470 AD), which comprised a period of transition between the Wari (700-1200 AD) and Inca (1100-1470 AD) hegemony. The largest amount of ceramics belongs to this culture. Like the Moches they portrayed the different stages of life, breastfeeding a reduced number of their young, as is the case today, resting placidly, and many other moments. Accepted in the homes, they would retribute with their service, alerting its dwellers of the incursion of neighbors seeking to conquer land and also exterminating rodents and bugs that threatened the harvest.

Other regional states in pre-Inca times molded the hairless dog into their artworks. The Chancay Culture (1200-1470 AD) with its beautiful recipients in their black on white style depicted the life cycle of the hairless dog. Perhaps the two most characteristic ones are those showing the coitus in a bispherical container, where the extremities of the male are handles. The other shows the hairless dog in a watchful attitude.

Once the Tahuantinsuyu was established, the Incas carried out its political and social organization, where the expansion of the State was based on the reciprocity redistribution system, and in a lesser scale, on the exchange existent particularly in the Coast. In several cases, territorial annexations were carried out in a pacific way, since it was better to accept the offerings of reciprocity of the Inca than a doubtful war with fearsome consequences for the losing ethnic group. This was beneficial for a fast Inca's expansion that obliged its governors to look for new supply sources for rewarding local maters. However, the enormous extension of the State had very fragile foundations that gave rise to its collapse when Pizarro's army appeared.

In the North they expanded until Loja and in the Southeast until Tucumán and La Plata, in the current Ecuador and Argentina. It was indispensable the repopulating of these new territories with immigrants or «mitmaq» from ethnic groups closely related to the Incas, so that they could fulfil tasks in favor of the State. Therefore, Chimu's artisans were moved to Cuzco so that they could work in silver and goldsmith's art for the Inca and the nobleness. Since they arrived with their belongings and domestic animals, there was a broad spread of the hairless dog in South America, known in Bolivia as Bolivian "ccala", and in the North of Argentina as dog "pila".

In ceramics, despite its affinity to some Mochicas and Chimu's glasses, it showed more advanced techniques which is not the case of the artistic level in this early stage, since there was a high degree of stereotypation and a decrease in quality and realism of the representations in this stage. The Inca Culture contributed with new forms, but neither the manufacturing technique nor the decorative models, which became the Chimu-Inca style. We show some ceramics representing the hairless dog corresponding to this style.

When Melchor Verdugo, grocer and member of the Peruvian hosts arrived to the calm beaches of the afterwards baptized province of Trujillo in 1534, a huge mass of hairless dog surrounded him, barking until their jaws dislocated. Next to him he had brought "Bobo", his greyhound. Of horse-like rather than canine dimensions, "Bobo" with just one bark scared the «viringos» and with only one bite took at least a couple of heads. A few years later the dammed greyhound would enter history for eating the son of the chief of Cuismanco.

Undoubtedly, the survival of the Peruvian Hairless Dog during the viceroyalty and the rising republic is due to the coastal farm people. They kept for themselves their old traditions and customs, where it was used as an efficient remedy against rheumatism and all sort of maladies, which are detailed in the essay by Hermilio Valdizán, called "Popular Medicine" published last century. It was not only accepted for its curative qualities but also for its capacity to exterminate rodents, which caused great prejudices during the crop. Likewise, its distrust and suspicion nature shown to strangers made it an extraordinary guardian. Nowadays, when it is raised in the countryside, it develops its hunting instinct; besides it is an excellent pet dog, qualities inherent since ancient times. This is why talking of a living relic is not that far from reality.

Today its future depends on us, and the Peruvian Kennel Club has the chief responsibility of defending and protecting our unique race, recognized worldwide.


For the Peruvian Hairless Dog is in Peru law enacted in in 2001,
which obliges every citizen to protect and uphold this dog

related links to the law

La Mascota del Antiguo Perú

Arqueologia del Peru



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